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12th-Oct-2009 04:25 pm(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
Brenna Hoffman
Paul’s Case Analysis
The Axis II diagnosis that seems best in Paul’s case is the diagnosis of Narcissistic Personality Disorder. Paul has symptoms characteristic of that type, including a preoccupation with fantasies, enviousness of others, shows arrogant, haughty behaviors, has a sense of entitlement, and often lacks empathy.
Paul indulges in fantasies to escape his undesirable life. He has day-dreams of living among the upper-class society, or which he feels he really belongs. His only real happiness in life comes from being around people and places that he considers more “cultured”, such as the theatre where he works as an usher. He puts a great deal of time and effort into planning out how he will eventually escape his daily world and live in New York. He is very envious of these people, and looks down on people who do not fit his expectations of a more splendid world. When he runs into his English teacher at the theatre, he has the urge to “put her out” of the theatre itself. This has less to do with any contempt he may feel towards the teacher and more to do with the fact that he felt that she was inappropriately dressed. He reasons that the only reason she is there is because someone gave her the tickets out of kindness. He feels that she “had about as much right to sit there as he had”. In this way, he is not seeing himself as above her, but that they are both people who need to compensate for what they are missing. He looks down on her for this.
He lacks empathy in that he cannot sympathize with others. Early in the case, his instructor made a comment on an impertinent remark of Paul’s. Paul responded by saying, “I didn’t mean to be polite or impolite, either. I guess it’s a sort of way I have, of saying things regardless”. It seems that Paul does not truly understand how his comments affect people, as he is not filtering them. He does not understand how frustrating it must be for others to deal with him.
The diagnosis of Narcissistic personality disorder feels a little wrong, at first. Although he does spend much of his time fantasizing, and he sees himself as superior, one gets the feeling that he is more aware of his perceived “flaws” than others. That is why Paul shares characteristics of the compensatory narcissist. Instead of building off what he already has, Paul seeks to cancel out feelings of inferiority by attempting to elevate his social status. When he steals the money and lives in New York, he immediately wastes all of his means by buying many fine things and living out his dream of feeling wealthy. He lives out his fantasy for about one week before he is forced to end it, due to lack of funds. His inability to fulfill his desperate dreams causes depressive symptoms and leads to his suicide.
Paul’s relationship with his father plays a large part in this case story. His father is also very obsessed with money, as shown by his reluctance to answer to requests for money. While in many ways this makes sense, it has lead to Paul feeling like a person’s worth can be measured out in a similar way. His teachers also have a difficult time with him, as they often do not know what to make of his behavior. It is commented by one instructor that there is something about the boy which none of them understood.

His suicide feels consistently which the diagnosis. His inability to fully compensate for what he felt was a terrible flaw in his fantasies of superiority lead to his depression. Because he could not fully become what he envied, he saw suicide as a much better option than returning to his home.
24th-Sep-2009 02:15 am(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
Brenna Hoffman
AT140 S1
Essay 1
Introduction: how the gallery hit me over all. My impression, initially. Introduction of how certain pieces in particular attacked me visually.

Body 1: (one that had 100 different faces) Saul Gray-Hildenbrand
The first one was a rather large series of one hundred different portraits, each one showing a man screaming. The painting felt rather confusing to me at first. The repeated pattern of faces gave the picture a much needed order for me. Although all the squares showed similar images, each face showed a completely different expression and gave off a completely different feeling. I felt overwhelmed by the intense feelings of fear, loneliness, and anger that came from the images. The main colors were black and white, but when I got close to the painting I could see tiny hints of pale blues, greens, pinks, purples, and yellows. It made me feel as if I was looking in on one hundred different private lives, or exploring people's barely contained secrets.

Body 2: (the spooky brown one that I found in the basement)

Body 3: (The one that John liked for some reason, although I do realize that it was rather attractive)

Conclusion: The excellent opportunity that such galleries provide.
9th-Sep-2009 09:54 pm(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
I realize that I have not updated in a while. My apologies. I have been selfish. In a veerryy long mood. I just want to say that I have never felt so cared for by a man in my life.
26th-Jul-2009 04:24 pm(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
Modern America and Obesity
Brenna Hoffman
English 132

Audience: Anyone who has an interest in obesity.
Purpose: To enlighten people about the growing obesity problem in America.
Brenna Hoffman
English 132
Modern America and Obesity

If one were to look at the statistics, it is easy to notice that humans have gotten bigger over the years. This can be contributed primarily to better nutrition and health care. As a people, we are generally stronger and healthier than our ancestors. Unfortunately, bigger does not always mean better. It seems like nothing in our culture has changed more through the years than the average human waistline. With such a wide availability of food, we have gone above and beyond nutrition needs. America has become obese.
What has caused us to transform into such rotund versions of ourselves? There are a number of factors, both environmental and genetic, that play a part.
The environments that we live in can have a lasting effect on our body shapes. For example, there are mothers who buy their children nothing but sugary treats and fatty foods. Because the mother is providing her children with unhealthy options, she is creating an environment where her kids can easily become obese. Of course, it would be preposterous to lay all the blame at the feet of parents. They are also victims of their environment. When money is tight, people look for ways to cut back on spending. Often times, the cheapest food in the grocery store is also the least healthy of options. (Gard, Michael. The Obesity Epidemic: Science, Morality and Ideology, 2005)
It is not only our food choices that cause us to gain weight. Another issue is lack of exercise. As a whole, we burn fewer calories than we should. Most of us could agree that a massive portion of the day is spent sedentary. For example, working at an office does not encourage physical activity as much as mental activity. Children often spend their days in front of the television instead of playing outdoors. Because of modern advances that make our lives easier, we exert much less energy. As we exert less energy, we stop burning as many calories.( http://www.slate.com/id/2184517/, 2008)

The genetic factor is often used less like an answer and more like an excuse. How many times as someone explained that they were "just big-boned"? Or maybe you have heard someone say they just had a naturally slower metabolism? While it is easy to dismiss these folks as people who just did not want to take responsibility for there actions, it is important to know that genetics really do play a large role determination of weight. For example, there are people who are born with preexisting conditions that contribute to uncontrolled weight gain. Type two diabetes, for example, includes symptoms of weight problems. Type two diabetes is a disease that effects how a body uses insulin. Insulin is a protein hormone produced in the pancreas. It is important for regulating the amount of sugar in the blood. A person could have type two diabetes before they became over weight. The disease, in this case, would contribute to their excess body fat. Other genetic factors, like hypothyroidism, also help slow down a person's metabolism. Hypothyroidism is condition where the body lacks sufficient thyroid hormones. It can be caused by inflammation of the thyroid gland or by surgical complications of preexisting thyroid conditions. While both environmental and genetic causes are valid, most specialists agree that the real answer is a combination of the two. ( http://thedietchannel.com, 2006)
No matter what route a person takes to get there, the results are the same: as weight goes up, a person's body and mind has to adjust to fit their new frame. When a person eats an excess of food, their body recognizes this and stores the extra calories. The idea is that the stored fat will be used during times of starvation (like during winter for most mammals). Since food shortages are less of a problem in most American's lives, they never get a chance to lose the stored fat. Instead, it just keeps piling up. This is how a slight problem of being overweight can turn into full-blown obesity over time. The fat often hangs off the body in an unappealing manner, which then causes the emotional struggles of obesity. The larger a person is, the worse they tend to feel about themselves. Many people try to "fix" their sadness by finding comfort in eating food. Soon, a cycle develops of eating too much, feeling depressed, and then eating even more. In fact, many researchers disagree about whether being overweight leads to depression, or if being depressed causes obesity. Persons suffering from depression often tend to overeat, exercise less, and end up gaining a lot of weight; thus, depression can become one of the main causes of obesity. Also, obesity in teens and young adults can cause a lot of stress, frustration, and low self-esteem issues which contribute to depression. There is a lot of social stigma attached to obesity, especially when the trend is to become size-zero. Teenage girls often get carried away by this wave to lose weight and end up feeling frustrated, disappointed, and depressed when they gain weight and are not able to lose weight in a hurry. It affects their self esteem, self confidence, and stresses them to an extent where most of them become anorexic or suffer from bulimia. Thus, obesity can become the cause of several other problems, and the common condition experienced by obese people is depression. Similarly, women in their mid and late 30s and 40s experience similar problems and find it very difficult to come to terms with weight gain and obesity, which in turn triggers depression. Women tend to get too caught up in balancing their personal and professional lives and start neglecting their health and fitness which can help lead to depression.
Thus, one condition can trigger another, which is why both obesity and depression are considered to be closely linked to one another. (http://www.all-on-depression-help.com/obesity-and-depression.html)
Over one-half of all Americans are considered overweight or obese. With this in mind, our consumer needs have changed. In every clothing store, there is a well-stocked "Plus Size" department for larger ladies. As of 2009, makers of children’s clothing have had to rescale and re-label their clothing sizes to accommodate the growth of childhood obesity. Until very recently, the average women’s clothing size was an eight. In 2009, the average dress size is a size fourteen. “The cost of clothing is disproportionately in the materials and not the labor, due to the shift in production to low-wage countries, which means that it is going to be more expensive to produce clothing for large-sized women, and more resources will be tied up in garments on the racks,” says Susan Ashdown, who is a professor in the Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design at Cornell and a leading researcher on improving apparel fit.
When in a furniture store, it is almost impossible to not notice the fact that chairs have gotten wider. Airlines now have to consider seating for obese flyers. If one were to spy a person in a wheel chair at the local grocery store, chances are the person in question is too fat to walk easily. We, as a people, have changed our lives around this common condition. The products that we make and sell should be specialty items that are generally uncommon. Instead, being overweight is almost considered more "normal" than being of a reasonable, healthy weight. (http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1145822/Shops-forced-make-bigger-childrens-clothes-cope-obesity-epidemic.html, 2009)
Being such a serious affliction, it is important to know the steps that we all can take to eliminating this threat from our lives. Obesity is not an insurmountable condition to overcome, provided one gets a lot of encouragement and support from friends and family. Preparing an effective exercise plan, sticking to it, following a healthy diet, and sleeping well every night can certainly go a long way in combating obesity and shedding those extra pounds. It just takes a lot of discipline, some effort, and dedication to prevent or break the obesity and depression downward spiral.
Joining an aerobics program, walking for at least 30 to 40 minutes on a daily basis, or practicing yoga can prove to be extremely effective in losing weight. Further, including a lot of clear soups, salads, and fresh fruits and vegetables in the daily diet will help increase the intake of fiber. This aids digestion, making it easier and faster, and also ensures that unhealthy fat intake is reduced. (Golan, Ralph. Optimal Wellness. 1995)
It is important for people to understand that obesity is not a permanent condition and can be reversed; it does require one to become a little disciplined, devote time to exercise, eat healthy food, and sleep well. If one can stick to the above routine, one can certainly lose weight the right way. If you do not have a lot of time in your life, there are smaller, less intrusive ways to lose a few extra pounds.
( Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation, 2005)
Reducing daily sugar intake can be a huge help in maintaining weight. Getting regular exercise will help a person stay in shape. Instead of hopping on the elevator, take the stairs. Why not take a walk down the street, instead of taking the car? Little things like that can make an impact on whether or not a body continues storing unwanted fat.
We can no longer pretend that this growing crisis is not a problem. As easy as it is to say that fat is beautiful and normal, the truth is that we have no business consuming so much. Our priority now should be concentrating on proper diet and exercise, not fashion or entertainment. Perhaps one day we will be able to return to the healthy, happy people we once were.

Works Cited
All-On-Depression-Help. 10 July 2009 <http://www.all-on-depression-help.com/>.

"Environmental and Genetic Factors of Obesity." The Diet Channel. 11 Oct. 2006. 27 Mar. 2009

Gard, Michael. The Obesity Epidemic: Science, Morality and Ideology. N.p.: Routledge, 2005.

Golan, Ralph. Optimal Wellness. New York: Random House, 1995.

Martin, Daniel. "Shops forced to make bigger children's clothes to cope with obesity epidemic."
Mail Online. 15 Feb. 2009 <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1145822/>.

Saletan, William. "Fat Chance: Obesity, Genetics, and Responsibility." Slate. 15 Feb. 2008. 27 Mar.
2009 <http://www.slate.com/id/2184517/>.

Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation. N.p.: Harper Perennial, 2005.
26th-Jul-2009 04:24 pm(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
Brenna Hoffman
English 132.02
Tattoos and Piercing Risks
Tattoo and body piercing has become very popular with adolescents and adults in their early twenties. While the general public and parents may perceive this procedure as rebellious and deviant behavior, some reasons adolescents offer for body piercing is that it is a form of body art, it is fashionable, and it makes a personal statement. Adolescents and young adults are developmentally susceptible to rebellious behavior, it is seen by many. For others, it fulfills a need to justify social anxiety by avoidance.
Tattoo and piercing is probably the most common form of body art in America today. The design can be small and discreet or large and obvious. This art is used to show individuality, to indicate membership in a group, or to attract attentions. But such body modification carries with it the risk of health problems, ranging from minor bacterial infections to life –threatening illness. For example, allergic reactions, this may occur even years after they get the tattoo. Some piercing jewelers are made of nickel or brass, which also can cause allergic reaction, blood- born disease, oral complication, skin disorder, skin infection. People who get body modifications have a high threshold for pain. Where the tattoo is located will generally tell a person how much discomfort will be involved. Some of the body parts that cause the most discomfort for men and women are: head, neck, back, front of the knee, hands, and the wrists just to name a few. Usually the parts of the body that have more fat or muscle build up will causes the least amount of pain.
(http://www.dermnetnz.org/reactions/tattoo-reaction.html, 2005)
Adolescents and adults who participate in this newest of fashion trends is a means to establish personal identity through disassociation from accepted norms, morever, participants with tattoos and body piercings are more likely to have engaged in risky behaviors and at a great degree of involvement than those without either. These included disordered eating behavior, gateway drug use, and hard drug use. Gateway drug use is associated with younger ages both tattooing and body piercing. Research strongly suggests that violence is more associated with males having tattoo and with females having body piercing. (http://bad.eserver.org/issues/2002/62/garcia.html, 2002)
For some people, adolescents and adults, they make tattoos and body piercing a personal statement permanently drawn on their body. People who want to have tattoos can broadly be categorized in two groups: first being the group of those people who desire to have tattoo because it holds some personal meaning to them, and those who want to have tattoos and body piercing because “everyone else has one”. However, there is a lot of evidence that adolescent who want to have tattoos or body piercings are more likely to engage in high risk behaviors, such as sexual activity and violence and murdering. People who desire to have tattoos and body piercings are more likely to be involved in rebellious behaviors as a group membership, like being a member of a gang. Other groups are also likely to have engaged in deviant behaviors, violence and sexual activity. Most of the people who are aggressive in these ways were always like that. The tattoo is less of a catalyst for such behaviors, and more of a “brand”. While these behaviors are not always apparent in tattoo or body piercing carriers, a large portion of the people with tattoos gained them simply to show off how “tough” they are. So when you see a person on the street with a tattoo of some sort, it is a natural tendency to assume that the person in question is more aggressive or violent. As result, public and people have formed an opinion about tattoo and body piercings. They have associated it with inconsistent behaviors. These demonstrate high incidence of disassociation behaviors among those with tattoos and body piercings. This is probably why parents become so disturbed at the notion of their children receiving body modification. The reaction is less about a person’s physical appearance changing and much more about the negative connotations that such modifications carry. If your daughter (for example) said that she wanted a tattoo, would it be unfair to assume that she is trying to show the world just how violent and sexually aggressive she can be? Perhaps it would be, but this is exactly the way that the rest of the world will view her decision to coat her body in unnecessary color. (www.skingrafix.com, 2006)
When talking to a person who is a carrier of a tattoo, nothing is more common than hearing stories of regret. Many people feel that the tattoos they got in their youth are now embarrassing to show. When this occurs, people do different things to “fix” the problem. Today, lasers are the most common method of tattoo removal. They work by targeting the ink with pulses of highly concentrated light that break the ink into tiny fragments, which are then cleared away by your own immune system. However, this isn’t all done with just one treatment. The more treatments you have, the more the laser can penetrate to destroy the ink. But, the more treatments you have, the more damage you do to your skin, causing painful blisters and scabs that can eventually lead to scarring. Experts in removal therapy say that technology has advanced to the point where scarring is minimal, sometimes non-existant, but this can vary depending on the situation. Unfortunately, this is extremely painful and rather unkind to your wallet. A cheaper and less painful method is to use various “removal” creams. While the advertisements claim that the creams work, the results are debatable. Despite these unpleasant facts, people still assume that tattoos are a-okay. These folk’s grossly over-estimate their own ability to not get bored with body modification. These people do not look far enough into the future. What is currently fashionable could seem appallingly stupid in the future. After all, how long could you stare at something without beginning to hate it? (http://tattoo.about.com/od/tatremoval/a/tatremoval.htm, 2006)
Having a tattoo or piercing can hinder you in the work place. More accurately, it will prevent you from ever entering the workplace. Many employers have policies that do not allow visible tattoos. Depending on the employer's industry and the type of job, this may make sense. For example, the odds are that a four-star hotel may not want the concierge to have large tattoos of skulls and crossbones on the back of each hand. But the same hotel may have less concern if a dishwasher in the kitchen has those same tattoos because direct contact with the hotel's customers is minimal. From a business perspective, the issue for the hotel is to write a policy that draws appropriate lines between jobs in which visible tattoos may or may not be appropriate. For someone who wants to have a more impressive career than washing dishes, it is a good idea to skip right over the current tattoo “hype”. Keep your visible skin “clean” and you will appear one hundred percent more hirable. This may feel to a person like he or she is conforming to fit society’s expectations. Although this thought might bother them, they should know that yes, it is conforming. But it is for a greater purpose, and that with less tattoos, they will be able to advance further in pleasant society (and at least be able to take care of their families). (http://tattooculture.ro/bodymodification.htm, 2005)
Tattoos and body piercing and so forth are seen as a statement or permanent expression of thoughts. Feeling of memories etched over skin, overall tattoo and body piercing exists in our society. They are also becoming more prevalent and almost certainly will not be going away any time in the near future. So society may simply have to learn to disagree on the topic of body modification.

Works Cited

"Body Modification, or Mutiliation?" Tattoo Culture. 18 Nov. 2005. 18 July 2009

Garcia, Heidi Ann. "Poetics and Aesthetics of Violence in Tattoos." Bad Subjects 11 Dec. 2002. 10
July 2009 <http://bad.eserver.org/issues/2002/62/garcia.html>.

Hudson, Karen L. "Tattoo Removal: Options and Alternatives." About.com. 25 Jan. 2006. 13 July 2009

Ngan, Vanessa. "Tattoo-Associated Skin Reactions." DermNet NZ. 15 June 2005. 18 July 2009

Skin Grafix. "Does It Hurt?" SkinGrafix.com. 6 June 2006. 18 July 2009 <http://www.skingrafix.com/>.
6th-Jun-2009 01:06 pm(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
The Running Experience
I do not have a runner's body. I know that now as well as I knew it then. All the serious distance runners have naturally small frames and short bodies with long legs. In cross country, having anything that resembles hips will slow you down. Luckily for me, this was high school athletics in the middle of a farm town. They needed all the runners they could get, never mind if they could actually run. This is how I was able to spend the next four years of my life running five miles a day with the Grass Lake cross country team.
The team needed fourteen people to be able to actually compete against other schools. They needed seven boys and seven girls who were willing to show up for every practice, every meet, and put in some serious energy. For some unknown reason, I felt compelled to join. Well, okay, my reason was not completely unknown to me. I also was desperate to lose weight so that I could wear my first bikini. Remember that I was fourteen at the time. Anyway, joining cross country seemed like a good idea until I remembered who I was. I had never been an athlete. I had never worn a jersey before. I was one of those cool, slightly geeky kids who hang out in the art room all day. I was not even sure if I could run a mile. Even with all that uncertainty, I bought myself a new pair of shoes and managed to show up for practice without feeling entirely awkward.
I still remember my first day of practice, because I had never experienced anything like it. This was not just running, it was running with a herd (or maybe more like a pack). Because the team did seem to have some kind of pack mentality. Everyone knew each other completely (well, except me, but it was my first day). They seemed to have certain rituals that must be observed (like hitting certain road signs with your hand as you ran by) or certain funny quotes or phrases that they'd shout out to each other, which I did not understand. It is not that they were not interesting, it is just that I was having difficulty standing up and breathing at the same time. My insides hurt so badly. We had not even covered half a mile yet, and I felt like I was having organ failure. The pain was my ab muscles ripping and tearing as they got the first serious work out of their life, but I really did not know that yet. I had no idea why I felt so horrible, only that I needed to stop. But you cannot stop. That is the thing about cross country. You are not allowed to stop, ever. As I started to slow down, the coach told me that I was to keep jogging no matter what. Even if I was jogging at a pace slower than actual walking, I had to keep making motions that resembled jogging. This, she explained, would help train me for longer distances, which require a lot of endurance.
I went home, exhausted. I could barely even stand. My legs, my thighs, my back, and even my arms hurt. The pain felt so deep, and so raw. I remember questioning my motives and myself, was all this really worth it? I decided that yes, I guess it is. That is when I remembered that I would have to do this all again tomorrow.

Days went by, and soon enough it was time for the regional finals. This is the biggest meet, where all the schools in the conferences get together to compete. It was a Saturday morning and it was absolutely freezing. The ground was hard and cold, with white frost completely covering the dark-green grass. We set up our team's tent and hid under it for relief of the cold. Most meets only last for a couple of hours. Since regionals is such a big conference, the entire meet was to last more than ten hours. Our team was not going to compete until much later, so we had to deal with the cold and horrible anticipation for hours. Finally, though, our race did come. The race distance was 5K, or about three and a half miles. All the girls from our team and the other teams lined up at the start. We were wearing only our jerseys and shorts, with our hair pinned back. I could almost not feel my body, except for the tingling on my skin. I could hear the announcer on the microphone, announcing the start of the race. Three, two, one, and the gun goes off. The loud gun shocks me into action, legs pumping, heart racing, mind totally focused on doing my best. The pack of racers is so thick at the beginning, it seems like I should have tripped. The air rushing by me is so cool and smells so sweet, from the trees nearby. I could see fog from my breath as I ran. The crunching of the gravel and dirt under my feet and the energy I can feel from racers around me is oddly soothing, even during a time under so much pressure.
The race continues, and the herd starts to separate a little more. There is, of course, the racers far ahead in the lead. Then there is the middle pack and the slowest group, all the way at the back. I was pleasantly surprised to find myself not in last, but tucked nicely in with the middle of the racers. Towards the end of the race, I could hear the shouts from the sidelines. My coach, my family, my friends, and about a thousand strangers all cheer us on. I start sprinting towards the finish, my gate widening, with my breathing becoming fast and shallow. A large banner marks the end of the race, and I run through it like a champion. I may have only finished in the middle of a large pack of people, but I had set a new personal record for time. I would have jumped up and down and cheered for myself, but I was having difficulty standing as it was.
Cross country, for me, was not about racing. It was about finding strength inside yourself to accomplish goals. It is about learning to not give up. It is about developing a sense of pride. Also, I did lose the weight.
23rd-Apr-2009 12:02 pm(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
Exercises on the Geodynamics Database

Use the start button at the lower left of the screen. Go to Run , type in geodyn then OK.

The program will start and draw a world outline map. Press the “snowflake” button then enlarge the program window to full screen. Along the top are four commands, Menu, Map, Databases, and Tool. Below these are buttons which operate various functions found under the four main items.

Under File there are many prepared maps for viewing. Select some of these and see what comes up. This will give you an idea as to what you can prepare from scratch with this program.


Under Map select Map Form. Click on North America then OK.

Then, under Map, select Draw Map. Please pay attention to the latitude-longitude grid on the maps.

Under Map>Map Form Color Settings box. Select grey as the map color, select white as the background. Click OK. Map >Draw Map. Keep your maps this way to save printing ink. Any time you make changes to the maps or databases you must re-draw the map!

Under Databases>volcanoes. Form #1 is default. On right side of this window see that “use this form” is checked. See how things are set up and re-draw the map. Map>Statistics. Click “statistics for drawn map area.” Please note that there are buttons in this window to give world-wide stats and stats for just the map area you view.

1. How many volcanoes?


Databases>volcanoes. Set the volcano type to Shield Volcano, (this is form 1 and the box has a check-mark) OK and draw the map. Map>Statistics.

2. How many of North American volcanoes are shield?


Go back to the volcanoes database form. Set form # 2 for Cinder Cone, blue, “use this form.” Set form # 3 to Stratovolcano (composite cones), green, “use this form.” OK and draw map.

3. Make a statistical list of these volcanoes using data like you got for question 5.
Tell me that form 1 is Shield Volcano, form 2 is Cinder Cone, form 3 is Stratovolcano. (called composite in the geology text) Include the percents.

****Form 1: 70 (6.7%) Shield Volcano
Form 2: 93 (8.9%) Cindercone
Form 3: 564 (53.9%) Stratovolcano

Note the buttons above the map. The button in white is selected. It’s the information tool. Move the cursor to any volcano and left click.

4. Move the cursor to the eastern-most shield volcano in the United States. (Not Mexico) List its name, number of eruptions, and last known eruption.

*****Name: Hell’s Half Acre
Number of eruptions: 1
Last known eruption: B.C. Eruption

5. Provide the same information for the eastern-most cinder cone in the United States. Then display the visual.

*****Name: Sunset Crater
Number of eruptions: 4
Last known eruption: Between A.D. 1 and 1499

6. Find the stratovolcano chain off the north coast of South America. Provide information on the second volcano north of the coast.

*****Name: Soufriere St. Vincent
Number of eruptions: 21
Last known eruption: 1964

7. (use text) What type of plate boundary is associated with those (strato) volcanoes? What geologic activities cause the volcanism? I expect a paragraph-long answer.

Click on the Zoom Button (magnifying glass). Position the cursor off Hawaii to the northwest at longitude -165 and latitude 26. Left click and hold. Pull the mouse down and to the right. A box is drawn. Try to make it rectangular like the monitor. Map>Enlarge Frame. If you have trouble, go to map form and choose the Hawaii map.

8. write a brief description of the age pattern of these volcanoes.

****For age pattern, I did notice that the volcanoes closer to the actual island also had the most recent eruptions. The ones farther out did not even have known dates. The ones right on land were as recent as 1964+. Of course, I’m excluding Mauna Kea, as that volcano’s last eruption was in B.C period.

Open the volcanoes database form and eliminate form # 4. Click on use this form for forms 1-3, OK. Map>Map Form> North America OK. Map>Draw Map. You should be looking at North America with the shield, cinder, and strato volcanoes in their original colors.

9. Thinking Question: Locate answers in text. Hint: Certain volcano types are associated with certain types of plate boundaries.
What type of plate boundary is under the Gulf of California?

Considering the shield and cinder cones in California, Arizona, Nevada, and New Mexico, what might be happening to the continental crust there? Where does the magma come from? Why is it basaltic?

Go back to Hawaii (map) and enlarge the frame. Go to the database and select earthquakes (not earthquake databases).

Under the magnitude column, click scale. Do this for symbol and color. On the left side of this window, click on, “use #” 3 – 8. This will display only the felt quakes for Hawaii. Click OK. Map>Draw Map. Only the large island of Hawaii is shown.

Go up to the buttons and click the right-most one, the section tool. Position the cursor about an inch northwest of the island chain, left click & hold. Move the cursor through the center of the island chain. Use the shift (hold) and + keys to spread the section lines to include all quakes and volcanoes. Use shift and – keys to shrink the section lines. Map>Draw Section.

10. Describe the pattern of earthquakes you see on the screen: Where and how deep are they? Are they associated with some volcanoes and not others? Answer in short paragraph form.

*****There are seven volcanoes and one earthquake. The one earthquake is on the actual island. It is closer to the two most active volcanoes.

11. (text) What do you think causes earthquakes under Hawaii?


12. Why is all the activity under the island of Hawaii but not under the other islands?


Map>Map Form>World…OK.
Map>MapType>5 min topographic…OK
Map>Draw Map

Databases>Earthquake. Clear out old data. Press Scale for focal depth and color. Adjust symbols to your taste. I recommend using small squares and circles. Remember to check on the form numbers!

Map>map form>color settings: change the map to white and the background to grey. This makes the light colors easier to see.

13. Are there plate boundary associations? Explain in two or three sentences.

14. Are there places where only shallow earthquakes occur? Are they associated with an ocean basin feature (chapter 2) and a type of plate boundary ? use vocabulary words as you answer.

15. Why are there only shallow focus quakes found at this type of plate boundary?

Go to Map Form, select & draw the Tonga Islands map. Produce a section of all earthquakes across 22 degrees south latitude. Use a spread of about 2 degrees either side of the center section line.

16. Explain what you see on the sketch. Why do the quakes form an angle as they are deeper? (use text)

17. As a tectonic plate dives into the mantle, it begins to melt. At what depth is the plate no longer rigid enough to produce earthquakes? (from your sketch)

18. What types of volcanoes occur above this zone? (Activate the volcanoes database and use statistics button for drawn map area)
Form 1 = cinder, open diamond symbol (default), dark blue
Form 2 = shield, square symbol (default), red
Form 3 = stratovolcano, square, green
Form 4 = submarine volcano, square, fuchsia
Form 5 = caldera, square, dark blue
Form 6 = pyroclastic, square, grey

19. We are still working with the Tonga Trench map and section

Change the earthquakes database; press scale for magnitude, symbol and color. (do not use the focal depths at all). . In the space below, make a table of the earthquakes form window; form number (1-8) and the magnitudes associated with each form number, and the symbol color.

use # magnitude color % of quakes in drawn map area

20. What colors are the magnitude 4.0 – 4.9 and the 5.0 – 5.9 quakes?

21. What magnitudes are the majorities of the quakes?

22. Is there any pattern of different magnitudes with depth? In other words, do certain magnitudes occur only at specific depths? Or are the magnitudes spread randomly / evenly with depth? Tell what you see in section view.
26th-Mar-2009 11:01 am(no subject)
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
Brenna Hoffman
Midterm: Amadeus (1984)
Intro: talk about what an amazing visual this film is, talk about its delicious awards and prestige, and give a hint about what the story embodies.
Paragraph 1: give synopsis. Describe out the whole story, telling everyone about what it showed and meant.
Paragraph 2: Discuss the characters and what they represent and what their actions mean. Talk about what the director was trying to get us to see in all of them.
Paragraph 3: talk about things like lighting and sound, talk about voice and talk about the set
Paragraph 4: What does this movie say? About religion, love, lust, death….what does it represent? Salieri’s commitment to God, Mozart’s lack of piousness. Mozart’s chasing of women, Salieri’s control. Human jealousy, human fears (Mozart’s fear and devotion of his father). Mozart being a puppet (of God, of his father, of his employers). Salieri’s feelings of uselessness. His feelings of losing purpose in life.
Paragraph 5: wrap it up, talk about what a beautiful, inspiring film this is. It crosses genre/lifestyle blurs by being such an accessible movie for different people.

18th-Feb-2009 10:21 pm - NO TITLE
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
I recently found out just how much a person can change in two months. I swear, I don't even recognize myself anymore. Or, more accurately, I FINALLY am able to recognize myself...for who and what I really am. I guess this is what happens when you hide your true feelings from the world for years....you end up taking the first opportunity to change and jump on it and ride it into submission. The inside of my mind feels different...I am being more honest with people (almost to a fault).

On the downside, I've also been more angry, more sad, and more bitchy than I usually am. I guess that's another side effect of burying feelings....now that they are unearthed, I finally have to deal with them.
Another downside, I have turned into a crappy piece of person...I am doing poorly in school, I am fucking up at work, and my relations with friends feel strained...and I don't know why. Except for the fact that the only times I speak to most of them are when I'm on Facebook....which is tragic.

I guess that I am just trying to get a feel for being this new Brenna...I guess I'm not even that sure if I like her. I didn't like the old one, either, but I worry that I might be just a terrible, vulgar, filthy bitch with no redeeming qualities. It is entirely possible.
I...I just don't know anymore. I don't know where I stand or who I stand with. I don't know who I am becoming, but I pray to a non-existent god that I am becoming who I need to be....and not just fucking up.
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