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Brenna Hoffman Professor Pederson GE 201 15 October 2009 Caesar… 
15th-Oct-2009 12:03 pm
octopus, tetacles, suction cups, sexy
Brenna Hoffman
Professor Pederson
GE 201
15 October 2009
Caesar Augustus and Theodore Roosevelt:
One of History’s Greatest Leaders and His 20th Century Contemporary
Introduction: talk about some of the most awesome things of Augustus. Then include at end that he was similar to teddy.
2: describe caesar’s life in some detail.
3. Compare and contrast teddy’s life
4. Discuss what Caesar did for the expansion
5. What Teddy did similarly.
6. What they did with economy.
7. What Teddy did similarly.
8. What Caesar represented to the people.
9. What Teddy represented to the people.
10. Conclusion of awesomeness.

Brenna Hoffman
Professor Pederson
GE 201
15 October 2009
Caesar Augustus and Theodore Roosevelt:
One of History’s Greatest Leaders and His 20th Century Contemporary
Few men can show such exceptional quality of leadership as Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14). As the first Roman emperor, he set an example of remarkable leadership that is hard to compare, even today. Although such men are rare, one of America’s greatest leaders shares many of those qualities. Theodore Roosevelt’s () legacy as such an innovative and intelligent president makes him comparable to Caesar Augustus.
Caesar Augustus is known as the first, and one of the greatest, Roman Emperors ever. Octavian enabled the long, peaceful time of the Pax Romana by changing Rome from a fragile, crumbling republican government to a mighty empire. He himself said that he “found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of marble”. He completely changed Rome from the Principate that it was into the Roman Empire that we today know so well. He worked hard to change the economics of the day, to expand his empire, and worked to further Rome’s defense systems.
Theodore Roosevelt also is known as a great leader. He is one of five presidents whose face is carved into Mount Rushmore, and the only one from the 20th century. He remade America in many ways, including expanding American influences on the globe, changing ideas of economy, and making environmentalism a political issue for the first time ever. He was greatly charismatic. Interestingly enough, both he and Caesar Augustus inherited their position of power through an assassination of the previous ruler (or president, in Roosevelt’s case).
The Roman Empire was known for its expansion. Caesar Augustus certainly did his part to spread Roman influence. By the end of his reign, his armies had taken over northern Hispania (which today is Spain and Portugal), the Alpine regions of Raetia and Noricum (modern Switzerland, Bavaria, Austria, and Slovenia), Illyricum and Pannonia (which now is Albania, Croatia, Hungary, and Serbia). He also extended the borders of the Africa Province to the east and south. As one can see, the Roman Empire gained a significant amount of property during this time.
Roosevelt also aspired for his country to be more of a world power. He was the first President to urge wholeheartedly that the U.S. accept its role as a global power. He was very interested in the United States’ expansion. Not until just before he reached the presidency had the nation finally burst through its continental confines. In 1898 the Spanish-American War and its aftermath had placed a whole collection of territories and dependencies under U.S. supervision: Puerto Rico, Guam, Cuba and the Philippines. Suddenly, to Roosevelt's utter delight, the U.S. was acting on a world stage, across two oceans. As Assistant Secretary of the Navy under McKinley--a job that should have been nearly meaningless but that he turned into a power center--he had urged on the war. As a Rough Rider, he had fought in it. As President, he would make Americans understand that their new global prominence was a long-term proposition.
Both Augustus and Roosevelt had significant impact on economic reforms. Augustus brought a much greater portion of the Empire’s expanded land base under direct taxation from Rome. Before Augustus, the taxation had been varied, irregular, and very random. This reform hugely increased Rome’s net revenue. It helped regularize the financial relationship between Rome and its provinces. Regularizing the financial relationship was very important, because the people of the provinces greatly resented the ever-changing taxes they must pay.
Another important reform during the time of Caesar Augustus was the abolition of private tax farming. This was replaced by salaried civil service tax collectors. Private contractors that raised taxes had been the standard in the Republican era. This was dangerous, as some of the contractors had become powerful enough to have an impact on the amount of votes for politicians in that time. Because there was no effective supervision and because the tax farmer’s wanted to fully maximize their profits, a system of arbitrary exactions that was often horribly cruel to tax payers became the norm. This was very harmful to economy and investment.
Caesar Augustus was very concerned with the welfare of his people. Even though he was the most powerful person in the Roman Empire, he still wanted to be a good, virtuous person. He felt it was important to connect with the “normal” people. To do this, he was very generous and took it upon himself to cut back on the unnecessary excess. As a show of how frugal he could be, he melted down eighty silver statues of himself, showing that he did not feel such things were necessary for him.
When Roosevelt first came to the presidency, after the assassination of William McKinley, the U.S. was emerging as one of the world's wealthiest nations. It was first in the world in its output of timber, steel, coal, iron. Since 1860 the population had doubled, exports had tripled. But that bounding growth had brought with it all the upheavals of an industrial age--poverty, child labor, dreadful factory conditions. Year after year, workers faced off against bosses with their fists clenched.
Roosevelt came to believe that government had the right to moderate the excesses of free enterprise. Although his exercises of power seem modest to us now--the breakup of monopolies, the Pure Food and Drug Act, the meat-inspection and industrial-safety laws--it was a shock to the system at the time. Roosevelt--a Republican!--insisted that one of the things government must govern is the economy.
Caesar Augustus’s biggest accomplishments also include his work towards Rome’s defense. He worked towards safety and preservation by creating Rome’s first institutionalized police and fire fighting forces. The police force was divided into groups of five hundred men. The units of firemen were anywhere from five hundred to one thousand men each, with seven units assigned to fourteen different city sectors. Along with this, Augustus was able to create a standing army of about one hundred and seventy thousand soldiers. The extensive building of roads throughout Italy allowed his armies to march quickly across the country. This kind of speed was unprecedented and greatly contributed to Rome’s success.
Teddy’s preservation: Like Augustus, Roosevelt also created new things to help protect his country. Whereas Augustus mainly worked at building better defense (such as police and armies), Roosevelt also put a great deal of effort into preserving our environment. He was the first President to consider environmental issues to be part of his job. Under the Forest Reserve Act of 1891, Presidents had been given the power to designate public domain for forest reserves. With this in mind, he created one hundred and fifty national forests, fifty-one national wildlife refuges, and five national parks. He made people aware of conservation issues by using his influence as president to promote environmentalism and by writing many different accounts of his different environmental expeditions.
Caesar Augustus is widely regarded as histories most important rulers. Theodore Roosevelt can be compared to Augustus in that they both were hugely impactful in their countries and in their times. Both men shared a love of reform and of bettering the lives of their citizens. While they worked on and achieved very different things, they took similar approaches in that they greatly changed the way their countries were kept. Both men’s accomplishments will forever hold a place in our minds as exceptional examples of leadership.
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